1)He(shake)his head each time the waiter brought him something to drink.
2)For centuries the Atlantic Ocean kept the Americas from(discover)by the people of Europe.
3)Man-eating(may，start)because people were eager to strong and brave as their enemies.
4)I(do)all the work by the time you are back tomorrow.
5)I am sorry(keep)you waiting for so long.
6)He saw me and came(run)towards me.
7)I regret(not，take)your advice.
8)The(far)away we get from the earth，the thinner the air becomes.
9)Had he not been ill，he(come)。
10)They demanded that the right to vote(give)to every adult man.
1)Ocean currents affect the climates of the near ()they flow.
2)Our first acquaintance ()them comes not from our mmother‘s lips or from the talk of our classmates，but from books we read.
3)The solutions to real problems cannot be seen ()。
D.in the final analysis
4)Scientists will have to ()new methods of increasing the world‘s food supply.
A.come up with
B.be faced with
C.get rid of
5)He did the work to ()you the trouble.
6)Now you can see ()you should consult the dictionary last，not first.
7)()，T couldn‘t loft the shone.
A.As I might try
B.Try as I might
C.Try I as might
D.Try I as might
8)()，one way to preserve species is to remove them to zoos and breed them there.
A.What a cause
B.What the cause
D.Whatever the cause
9)()the house burns down，we‘ll get the insurance money.
D.For the most part
10)People associate colors ()different objects，feelings，and holidays.
1)(Advertising)/A is only (part)/B of the total (sale)/C effort，but it is the part that (attracts)/D the most attention.
2)Telecommunication can make information from around the world (available)/A to use quickly and easily，(but)/B some people (worry about)/C this may be a risk (to)/D our privacy.
3)When they (join)/A the work force，their employers and associates (alike)/B will soon realize the behavior of these rude young people (is)/C closer to (those)/D of animals than civilized individuals.
4)Because boys aggressive，they refuse (to accept)/A other (people‘s)/B solutions;they (insist)/C solving problems for (themselves)/D.
5)One way of (getting)/A enough nutrients while (kept)/B one‘s weight down is to take substitutes (for)/C foods which contain (too much)/D fat.
6)Scientists can (tell from)/A fossil evidence in rocks (that)/B many living species (become)/C extinct over the (millions)/D of years since life began.
7)In the (final)/A analysis，we think that (because)/B fitness will not guarantee that you will live longer，it cal help you (enjoy)/C the years you (do live)/D.
8)The wet，marshy land produces a large (number)/A of insects that provide food (for)/B the smaller birds that，(in turn)/C，to (provide)/D food for the arctic fox and the wolf.
9)The human species (is)/A the only one (in)/B (the whole of)/C animated nature (which)/D sheds tears.
10)Preschool shildren are not yet (fully)/A able to distinguish fantasy (with)/B reality and their understanding of the underlying motives (for)/C behavior and the subtleties of moral conflicts (is)/D not yet well developed.
If you don‘t use a dictionary，what should you do instead?The first thing you can do is trying to guess what the word neans.Often the surrounding context gives a very clear idea of the meaning of the word.Even if you can’t work out the meaning exactly，you may be able to get a vague idea，enough to enable you to continue reading.
Sometimes it is impossible to guess the meaning of a word from the context and then you will have to decide whether the word is important enough to make it worth while stopping and looking it up in a dictionary，or whether you can just pass it by.
Many times in your reading，you will come across words which you don‘t know，but which do not prevent you from understanding all the main points of the text.You can make your dictionary use much more efficient if you only look up the words which are necessary to understand the text，and this means that you must develop the skill to decide whether the words are worth looking up.
1)The passage mainly tells us in our reading what we should do________.
A.without knowledge of English
B.when we look up words in a dictionary
C.when we are guessing new words
D.without using dictionary
2)Even if you can‘t work out the meaning exactly，you may be able to get a vague idea.Here “vague”means________.
3)In our reading some words we don‘t know________.
A.help us to understand the text well
B.don‘t prevent us from understanding the main points of the text
C.will be remembered forever
D.are borrowed from other langeages
4)In this passage the writer________.
A.advised us to use the dictionary as much as possible
B.told us not to be discouraged by the sight of a dictionary
C.gave us some advice on how to deal with these unknown words
D.introduced some ways to take notes in the course of reading
There are some steps you can take yourself to avoid cat catching cold.Contrary to popular belief，colds are not caused by exposure to severe weather.Colds are caused by viruses(病毒)harbored in the body，and you‘re better off out on the ski slopes even waiting for the bus on a snowy day than you are in a rather warm room，surrounded by friends，co-workers，or fellow students，who just may be passing the virus around.If you feel a chill(发冷)when you’re coming down with a cold，you‘re already sick.A shill is an early symptom：It’s the cold that caused the chill，not the other way around
While the virus can spread through droplets propelled into the air when a cold-sufferer coughs or sneezes，surprisingly，this is not the most common route of transmission.Studies have now shown that the overwhelming majority of colds are “caught”by hand contact.A cold-sufferer rubs her nose，thereby transferring the virus to her hand.Then a friend comes to visit.“Don‘t kiss me，”she cautions，so the friend steps back and presses her hand.The friend then wipes her own nose or eye-and several days later is stricken with a cold.Or parents pick up their child’s discarded tissues(面纸)and carefully throw them away，but fail to wash their hands afterward.
Cold viruses also can be transferred to objects-telephones，towels，
plates-and remain in fectious for up to three hours.Frequent hand-washing-on the part of the cold-sufferer as well as other members of the household-will minimize the spread of viruses in this way.
5)Which of the following steps you take will most probably cause you to catch a cold?
A.To expose yourself to sever weather.
B.To be on the ski slopes.
C.To wait for the bus on a snowy day.
D.To stay in a rather warm room with a lot of prople.
6)To prevent viruses from spreading，we should________.
A)shake hands with our friends instead of kissing them
B)never touch the telepones，towels or plates
C)often wash our hands
D)often rub our noses and eyes
7)The best title for this passage might be________.
A.Colds and Viruses
B.Ways to Avoid Colds
C.The Spread of Viruses
D.Hand Contact and Transmissions of Viruses
When young people get their first real jobs，they may tace a lot of new，confusing situations.They may find that everything is different from the way things were at school.It is also possible that they will feel uncomfortable and insecure in both professional and social situations.Eventually，they realize that university classes can‘t be the only preparation for all of the different situations that arise in the working world.
Perhaps the best way to learn how to behave im the working world is to identify a worker you admire and observe his behavior.In doing so，you will be able to see what it is that you admire in this person.For example，you will observe how he acts in a crisis.Perhaps even more important，you will be able to see what is his qpproach to day-to-day situations.
while you are observing your colleague(同事)，you should be asking yourself whether his be havior is like yours and how you can learn from his responses to a variety of situations.By watching and learning from a model，you will probably begin to identify and adopt good working habits.
8)The young people just graduated from school may not behave well in the working world，because________.
A.what they learned in university classes is not adequate for their new life
B.they are not well educated
C.the society is too complicated to adapt to
D.they failed to work hard at school
9)The best way to learn how to behave in the working world is .
A.to find a worker and follow him closely
B.fo find a person you admire and make friends with him
C.to find a person you respect and watch carefully how he acts in different situations
D.to make the acquaintance of a model you admire
10)the passage could be best entitled________.
A.learn from a Model
B.Learn，Learn and Learn Again
C.University and the working World
D.One Is Never Too Old to Learn
In the past，American families tended to be quite large.Parents raising five or more children were (1)。Over the year the (2)of the family has decreased.One reason for this is an increase in the cost of living.(3)the average，children attend schools for more years than they used to.Moreover，children nowadays are better (4)and have more money to spend on (5)。The parents usually take the responsibility (6)all the expenses.
Meanwhile，families are less close than they used to be.More and more American mothers work away from home.The break up of the family occurs when the parents (7)。A lot or children in the US live part of their young lives with only one parent.Broken families usually result (8)problems and parents.Children grow up feeling unsettled as they moved back and forth between prrents.(9)parents often marry other single parents.In this type of famkily，(10)children are forced to develop brother or sister relationship.
The issue of whether to inform a patient of cancer points important cultural difference between Americans and Japanese.Americans believe the individual has right to know what is wrong with him so he can make decisions accordingly.Doctors，family，and friends are not allowed to deprive(剥夺)the individual of this right.
In Japan，on the other hand，it is no the right of the parient that is most important but the duty of the doctor and family to protect the parient from unfue(过度的)mental suffering.They seem to feel that their wishes are the same as those of the parient.This is a paternalistic(家长式作风的)approach in which the doctor‘s authority takes priority over the patient’s right to hnow.The patient is supposed to be submissive and obey those around him.